The medical specialty of infectious diseases is a broad field characterized by the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses caused by infections.  Infections can be caused by a variety of different pathogens or germs, and involve any part of the body.  Examples of pathogens include bacteria, viruses, parasites, and spirochetes.

Examples of these infectious diseases include:

  • Urinary tract infections including pyelonephritis
  • Respiratory infections including pneumonia
  • Joint and bone infections such as septic arthritis and osteomyelitis
  • Skin infections such as cellulitis
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Hepatitis including Hepatitis C
  • Tuberculosis and positive skin tests for tuberculosis (PPD)
  • Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, and venereal warts
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Travel related infections including malaria and traveler’s diarrhea